Air Purifiers

Indoor Air pollution – Causes, Effects, and Ways to Decrease!

When we talk about air pollution, we draw an image of industries emitting smoke, vehicles, smog or burning coal, right? But what we never think of is a pressure cooker, deodorants or pollens.

What I want to say is that we are so concern about the outdoor air pollution that we tend to forget that indoor air is also getting polluted with our daily activities.

A WHOs’ study on indoor air pollution shows that indoor air is 4 to 5 times more polluted than the outdoor air. So what is affecting the indoor air quality? What are the real causes? What can we do to avoid indoor air pollution?

Do you want to know the answers to the above-mentioned questions? Let’s begin!

Causes of Indoor Air Pollution

Asbestos: One of the leading causes of indoor air pollution is asbestos. Asbestos is commonly present in paint, building material, floor tiles, and roof tiles.

If you have an old house, the risk of asbestos pollutants is greater as compared to a newly constructed house. As new products don’t have asbestos in them.

Formaldehyde: Another common indoor pollutant is formaldehyde, as it is present in wooden floors and paints.

Indoor Air pollution Tobacco Smoke

Indoor Air pollution Tobacco Smoke

Tobacco Smoke: Smoking indoors can lead to this most dangerous form of pollutant enter into your house.

Volatile Organic Compounds: Most of the electronics like air conditioners, refrigerators, they emit volatile organic compounds. Even nail paint remover and burning candles contain VOCs. They are ten times more harmful, especially for children.

Detergents and soaps: Detergents and soaps include substances like benzene & alcohol. When we use these products at home the pollutant gets spread in the air which causes indoor air pollution.

Unhealthy fuels: Not everyone in India is using clean fuel to cook food. There are still many people who use kerosene & charcoal. Burning them causes a lot of indoor pollution and can lead to many respiratory & other diseases.

Microorganisms: Different bacteria, mildew & dust mites are other common reasons for indoor pollution. It is very natural to find them in different places at home

Sprays: If you use perfume, deodorants, room fresheners, insect repellents or any other kind of spray then you are inhaling the chemicals from these sprays.

Indoor pollution is way more dangerous than outdoor pollution because we inhale these pollutants almost daily. As you saw there are pollutants in almost everything that we use on our daily routine.

And these pollutants have very harmful effects on our bodies.

Serious effects of Indoor air pollution on our Health

Indoor air pollution can cause many life-threatening respiratory diseases. Indoor Air pollution is 10 times more harmful for the Kids, patients and old age people.

  • Asbestos can cause some very serious health problems such as lung cancer.
  • Contaminants like animal dander, dust mites, bacteria and pollens you will start experiencing throat infection, skin irritation or flu. This may also lead to some other infectious diseases and Asthma.
  • The presence of lead can also cause nerve or brain damage, anemia and kidney failure.
  • Most commonly found chemical formaldehyde can irritate the throat, eyes, and nose. This may also cause some allergic reactions in the body.
  • The most harmful pollutant from Indoor air pollution is tobacco smoke. We all know even its passive is so dangerous. Tobacco smoke can cause severe respiratory irritation, different heart disease and also lung cancer.
  • The different chemicals present in paint or other cleaning agents can cause different damage to our body organs like the liver, brain, and kidney.

Ways to decrease indoor air pollution

Making some small changes at home and by following some natural remedies one can surely improve the indoor air quality of their homes. So let’s have a look at some of them:

Avoid Indoor smoking: Smoking is a leading cause of cancer, we all know that. Whenever you are smoking inside the house you are not only harming yourself but your loved ones also. So try not to smoke.

Check before you buy: Most of the cleaning supplies have dangerous ingredients in them. So make sure you avoid those products. Do your research & try buying environment-friendly products.

Inspect your home regularly: Keep an eye on any mold, radon, bacteria or any other harmful chemical. Hire the professionals for the inspection.

Reduce Air pollution use of vacuum cleaner

Reduce Air pollution use of vacuum cleaner

Use a good vacuum cleaner: Using a good vacuum cleaner will reduce the amount of dust and other pollutants that get settled on rugs and furniture.

door mat

Door Mat

Keep a mat: Most of the dirt comes from the shoes. So try not to bring your shoes inside the house or leave the footwear outside or try to wash your feet first every time you come home.

Avoid excessive watering to indoor plants: Be a little careful while watering the plants. Excessive moist in the plant can lead to the formation of molds.

Maintain cleanliness at home: An unclean house can be the main source of indoor air pollution. To maintain the cleanliness wash beddings on time, maintain indoor temperature, and don’t let the dust settle. If you have a pet at home then take extra care, as pets can be a potential source of danger.

We are sure if you follow these simple hacks in your daily life then you can keep the indoor air clean. If it’s still not in control then we will suggest you buy an air purifier to ensure you and your family is breathing clean air.

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  1. concentrations by 57% and caused a reduction in serum levels of inflammatory markers, indicating good cardiovascular outcomes Using indoor plants, wet-mopping floors, avoiding the use of heavy upholstery, and refraining from smoking within confined home environments can further facilitate a reduction in household air pollutants. There are several other remedial measures suggested to reduce the health effects of household air pollution. However, these are beyond the scope of this review.

  2. Explains the term “sick building syndrome” (SBS) and “building related illness” (BRI). Discusses causes of sick building syndrome, describes building investigation procedures and provides general solutions for resolving the syndrome. Assists health professionals (especially the primary care physician) in diagnosis of patient symptoms that could be related to an indoor air pollution problem. Addresses the health problems that may be caused by contaminants encountered daily in the home and office. Organized according to pollutant or pollutant groups such as environmental tobacco smoke, VOCs, biological pollutants and sick building syndrome, this booklet lists key signs and symptoms from exposure to these pollutants, provides a diagnostic checklist and quick reference summary, and includes suggestions for remedial action. Also includes references for information contained in each section. This booklet was coauthored with the American Lung Association, the American Medical Association and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

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